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The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the beginning of the 20th century, and two small parties associated with loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)). Two were commonly referred to as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army. [4] [5] Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other assembly parties, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by US President Bill Clinton to lead talks between parties and groups. [6] After years of deadlock, the UK government has committed to introducing legacy institutions as outlined in the 2014 agreement to restore Stormont as part of the January 2020 agreement. However, uncertainty remains, particularly over how Johnson`s government will handle investigations into former members of the British security services for their actions in the Northern Ireland conflict. While the effectiveness of the IICD depended on the paramilitary compilation of the provisions of the agreements, and because the Government of the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom was committed to finding peaceful ways of settling disputes over political issues and opposed any use or threat of force for political purposes (Good Friday Agreement, Statement of Support, Article 4), and because the peace process on dismantling issues On 25 November 2003, the Government of Ireland and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland agreed in Dublin to establish an independent International Monitoring Commission (ICD) to monitor all activities of paramilitary activities and to report its findings to both Governments every six months1 3. If the majority of voters in each of the referendums support this agreement, the governments of their respective parliaments will introduce and support the necessary legislation to bring into force all aspects of this agreement and will take any necessary additional measures, including the holding of elections on 25 June; subject to the approval of the Assembly`s Parliament, which would initially meet in “ghost mode”.

The establishment of the North-South Council of Ministers, the implementing bodies, the British-Irish Council and the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference, as well as the assumption of their legislative and executive powers by the Assembly, will coincide with the entry into force of the British-Irish Agreement. The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 provided a framework for a political solution in Northern Ireland focused on power-sharing between unionists and nationalists. It was signed by the British and Irish governments, as well as four of Northern Ireland`s main political parties: Sinn Fein, the Ulster Unionist Party, the Social Democratic and Labour Party and the Alliance Party. Of the main parties, only the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) abstained. Although the agreement confirmed that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, it states that Ireland could be united if it were supported by a majority vote in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The conference takes the form of regular and frequent meetings between british and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels. On matters which have not been transferred to Northern Ireland, the Irish Government may present positions and proposals. All decisions of the Conference shall be taken by mutual agreement between the two Governments and the two Governments have agreed to make determined efforts to resolve disagreements between them. The British Government enshrined the principle of self-determination in legislation through the Northern Ireland Act 1998 and also repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which initially divided the island of Ireland. A referendum on a united Ireland must be called by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland when it is likely that a majority of the population would vote for a united Ireland.

If the referendum is rejected, at least 7 years must elapse before a new referendum can take place. The release of the prisoners continued in 1999. During the Christmas and New Year periods, 131 prisoners were granted extended leave in their homes. On December 16, 308 prisoners were released.1 However, with the release of high-level prisoners, public support for the release of prisoners declined, according to an opinion poll by the Belfast Telegraph.2 “The Good Friday Agreement – Prisoners,” BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/prisoner. The multi-party agreement required the parties to use “any influence they might have” to proceed with the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the referendums approving the agreement. The standardisation process committed the BRITISH government to reducing the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These included the removal of security features and the elimination of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has committed to a “comprehensive review” of its crimes against state law.

The most controversial issue was Northern Ireland`s border with the Republic of Ireland. The border, which was heavily militarized during the conflict, has since become essentially invisible, allowing people and goods to cross freely. This was possible largely because Ireland and the UK were part of the EU`s single market, the common set of rules that allows the free movement of goods, services, people and money within the bloc. 3. Accordingly, all participants reaffirm their commitment to the complete disarmament of all paramilitary organizations. They also reaffirm their intention to continue to cooperate constructively and in good faith with the Independent Commission and to use any influence they may have to achieve the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the approval of the Agreement by referendum in the north and south of the Agreement and in the context of the implementation of the general regime. 1. The Participants note that the development of a peaceful environment on the basis of this Agreement can and should mean the standardization of security arrangements and practices. The old text contains only four articles; It is this short text that is the legal agreement, but it contains in its annexes the latter agreement. [7] Technically, this envisaged agreement can be distinguished as a multi-party agreement as opposed to the Belfast Agreement itself.

[7] The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take certain decisions previously taken by the British Government in London. 3. Both governments will complete a review process within a specified time frame and set the expected release dates for all qualified inmates. The review process would include early release dates for qualified inmates, while taking into account the seriousness of the offences for which the person has been convicted and the need to protect the community. In addition, it would be provided that all qualified prisoners who remained in detention two years after the start of the programme would be released at that time, circumstances permitting. The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Irish: Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance)[1] is a pair of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that has followed since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s. Northern Ireland`s current system of devolved government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. Referendums were held in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on 22 May 1998.

In Northern Ireland, people were asked, “Do you support the agreement reached in the multi-party talks on Northern Ireland and set out in Command Document 3883?” Turnout in the referendum was 81.1%, of which 71.1% supported the agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, people were asked, “Do you agree with the proposed amendment to the Constitution contained in the bill mentioned below, nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution Act 1998?” Turnout in the referendum was 55.6%, of which 94.4% supported the proposed constitutional amendment.1 During negotiations on the UK`s planned exit from the European Union in 2019, the EU presented a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper addresses issues such as the avoidance of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the birthright of all northern Irish residents (as defined in the agreement) and the common travel area. [31] [32] Anyone born in Northern Ireland and therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship after Brexit. [33] In accordance with the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been addressed in order to move to the second phase of Brexit negotiations. .